What Are The Types And Major Causes Of Postharvest Losses?

What are the main benefits of reducing post harvest losses?

Reduction of post-harvest losses can increase food availability to the growing world population, decrease the area needed for production, and conserve natural resources..

What is quantitative losses?

Quantitative loss is a loss in terms of physical substance, meaning a reduction in weight and volume and can be assessed and measured.

What is post harvest management of fruits and vegetables?

Postharvest technologies such as controlled ripening, edible coating, temperature management, and chemical treatment methods are potential tools to reduce FV postharvest losses, increase food and nutritional security and alleviate poverty in SSA.

What is production loss?

Production losses can impact small and large companies, and they usually result from unexpected problems that arise during what should be a routine manufacturing process.

What are the 5 factors for timely harvesting of fruits?

Answer. Answer: water content, respiratory rate,ethylene production,endogenous plant hormones,and exogenous factors such as microbial growth, temperature,relative humidity and atmospheric compositions.

What are the 3 factors that cause the deterioration of fresh vegetables?

Summarygrowth and activities of micro-organisms, principally bacteria, yeasts and moulds;activities of natural food enzymes;insects, parasites and rodents;temperature, both heat and cold;time.

What does post harvest mean?

: occurring after a harvest reducing postharvest losses also : used following a harvest postharvest fungicide.

What are the different types of post harvest activities?

Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing. Losses of horticultural produce are a major problem in the post-harvest chain.

What is meant by postharvest losses?

Definition. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system. This definition must also take into account cases of product deterioration.

What are the factors responsible for post harvest losses in fruits?

Another estimate suggests that about 30-40% of total fruits production is lost in between harvest and final consumption [6]. Main causes of postharvest loss include lack of temperature management, rough handling, poor packaging material, and lack of education about the need to maintain quality [7].

What are post harvest diseases?

Postharvest diseases are those that appear and develop after harvest. Outcomes of postharvest diseases. • Products with defects are unmarketable leading to increased. cost of production and occasionally loss of an entire crop. •

How can you reduce losses and improve the quality of fruit and vegetables after harvest?

Pruning provides favorable conditions for fruit growth; proper pruning reduces competition between fruit, enables more light to reach the plants, prevents diseases and thus reduces losses.

How do you prevent post harvest loss?

6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest LossesAssess maturity. … Check your water quality. … Check your water temperature. … Avoid injury. … Keep your produce cool. … Proper Storage.

What are the types of post harvest losses?

Storage Pests and disease attacks, spillage, contamination; natural drying out of food 5. Primary processing, cleaning, classification, hulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, milling Process losses; contamination in process causing loss of quality.

What are the main benefits of reducing postharvest losses?

Reducing the postharvest losses, especially in developing countries, could be a sustainable solution to increase food availability, reduce pressure on natural resources, eliminate hunger and improve farmers’ livelihoods.

What is the importance of post harvest?

The most important goals of post-harvest handling are keeping the product cool, to avoid moisture loss and slow down undesirable chemical changes, and avoiding physical damage such as bruising, to delay spoilage.

Which of the following is not related to Post Harvest losses? Explanation: It is false that farmers don’t earn money after adding value to products. E.g. – Shelf life increase. … Statement 1: Primary processing such as trimming, sorting, cleaning can be done to add value to products.